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SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM ad

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PROCEEDINGS

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UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM

VOLUME 94

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UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1944

ADVERTISEMENT

The scientific publications of the National Museum include two series, known, respectively, as Proceedings and Bulletin.

The Proceedings, begun in 1878, are intended primarily as a medium for the publication of original papers, based on the collections of the National Museum, that set forth newly acquired facts in biology, anthropology, and geology, with descriptions of new forms and re- visions of limited groups. Copies of each paper, in pamphlet form, are distributed as published to libraries and scientific organizations and to specialists and others interested in the different subjects.

The dates at which these separate papers are published are recorded in the table of contents of each of the volumes.

The present volume is the ninety-fourth of this series.

The Bulletin, the first of which was issued in 1875, consists of a series of separate publications comprising monographs of large zoo- logical groups and other general systematic treatises (occasionally in several volumes), faunal works, reports of expeditions, catalogs of type specimens, special collections, and other material of similar na- ture. The majority of the volumes are octavo in size, but a quarto size has been adopted in a few instances in which large plates were regarded as indispensable. In the Bulletin series appear volumes un- der the heading Contributions from the United States National Her- barium, in octavo form, published by the National Museum since 1902, which contain papers relating to the botanical collections of the Museum.

ALEXANDER WETMORE, Acting Secretary, Smithsonian Institution.

CONTENTS

Pages Bracxman, M. W. New species of, American scolytoid beetles, mostly Neotropical. No. 3174. November 22, 1943 *_-___- 371-899

New genus: Carphobius.

New species: Cnesinus cubensis, C. panamensis, OC. cognatus, C. robai, C. similis, C. foveatus, C. substrigatus, 0. nitidus, Camp- tocerus boliviae, C. quadridens, Ceratolepis nubilus, Hexacolus swieteniae, H. levis, Prionosceles ingae, P. spadix, Phloeotribus manni, P. argentinae, P. boliviae, P. harringtoni, P. jujuya, Renocis chapini, Chramesus panamensis, Phrizosoma magna, P. obesa, P. parva, Leperisinus hoferi, L. oregonus, Phloeosinus blackwelderi, Carphobius arizonicus.

GaHAn, A. B. Revisions of two genera of chalcid-flies belong- ing to the family Eupelmidae from North and South America. INowsiits. November 26, 004340 ter. oo 339-369

New species: Arachnophaga hirtibasis, A. costalis, A. nocua, A. opaca, A. scutata, A. frontalis, A, aldrichi, A. ferruginea, A. ab- strusa, Encyrtaspis adjunctus.

New combinations: Arachnophaga longiceps (Brues), Encyrtaspis laticeps (Brues), H. californicus (Ashmead).

HrouicKa, Aur’. Catalog of human crania in the United States National Museum collections: Non-Eskimo people of the Northwest coast, Alaska, and Siberia. April 6, 1944*_____- 1-172

Ross, Epwarp S. A revision of the Embioptera, or web-spin- ners, of the New World. No. 3175. January 19, 19447__ 401-504

New genera: Microembia, Neorhagadochir, Schizembia, Idioembia.

New subgenera: Protochelicera, Dilobocerca.

New species: Calamoclostes gurneyi, Microembia rugosifrons, Ne- orhagadochir inflata, Pararhagadochir schadei, P. confusa, P. davisi, P. surinamensis, Saussurembia symmetrica, Mesembia aequalis, Schizembia grandis, S. minuta, 8S. callani, Chelicerca (Protochelicerca) dampfi, C. (Chelicerca) nodulosa, Idioembia producta, Oligembia (Oligembia) buscki, O. (O.) peruviana, O. (O.) darlingtoni, O. (O.) bicolor, O. (O) unicolor, O. (O.) mela- nura, O. (O.) armata, O. (Dilobocerca) lobata, O. (D.) jalapae, O. (D.) chiapae, O. (D.) excisa, O. (D.) emarginata, O. (D.) gigantea, O. (D.) nigrina, O. (D.) plauwmanni, O. (D.) vandykei, O. (D.) caribbeana.

New combinations: Neorhagadochir salvini (McLachlan), Para- rhagadochir birabeni (Navas), Chelicerca (Chelicerca) davisi (Ross), C. (C.) wheeleri (Melander), C. (C.) heymonsi (Ender- lein), C. (Dactylocerca) rubra (Ross), Idioembia banksi (Davis).

1 Date of publication. Iit

IV PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM VOL. 94

Pages Scuuttz, Leonarp P. The catfishes of Venezuela, with descrip-

tions of thirty-eight new forms. No. 3172. February 11, POS ee eet ee ee ee 173-338

New subfamily: Sorubiminae.

New genera: Sovichthys, Perrunichthys, Dupouyichthys, Triden- similis, Doraops, Spatuloricaria.

New species: Sovichthys abuelo, Pimelodella linami, Cetopsorham- dia shermani, C. picklei, C. orinogo, Perrunichthys perruno, Platy- silurus malarmo, Ageneiosus freiei, Dupouyichthys sapito, Pygi- dium emanueli, Tridensimilis venezuelae, Doraops zuloagai, Astroblepus phelpsi, Chaetostoma tachiraensis, Pseudancistrus torbesensis, Panaque suttoni, Cochliodon pospisili, Lasiancistrus maracaiboensis, Hemiancistrus maracaiboensis, Spatuloricaria phelpsi.

New subspecies: Pseudopimelodus villosus butcheri, Pimelodus clarias coprophagus, P. grosskopfii navarroi, Pimelodella chagresi odynea, Megalonema platycephalum psammium, Trachycorystes insignis peloichthys, Hoplomyzon atrizona petroleus, Pseudoce- topsis plumbeus orinoco, P. p. motatanensis, Pygidium emanueli emanueli, P. e. motatanensis, P. banneaui maracaiboensis, Chae- tostoma anomala sovichthys, Pseudancistrus pediculatus cobren- sis, Ancistrus triradiatus martini, A. brevifilis bodenhameri, Loricaria wracantha rupestre, L. variegata venezuelae, L. gyumnogaster lagoichthys.

Tinxuam, Ernest R. Twelve new species of Chinese leaf- katydids of the genus XYiphidiopsis. No. 3176. April 29, POFFO ee ee 505-527

New species: Xiphidiopsis yachowensis, X. grahami, X. kweicho- wensis, X. phyllocerca, X. megafurcula, X. szechwanensis, X.

spathulata, X. gurneyi, X. appendiculata, X. sinensis, X. trans- versa, X. emarginata.

Witson, CuArtes Brancn. Parasitic copepods in the United States National Museum. No. 3177. July 10, 19441_____ 529-582

New genera: Unicalteutha, Ostrincola, Parmulodes, Pestifer, Ler- naeosolea, Paeonodes.

New species: Lepeophtheirus christianensis, L. eminens, L. mar- cepes, Unicalteutha ovalis, Ostrincola gracilis, Parmulodes ver- rucosa, Pestifer agilis, Brachiella squali, Lernaeosolea lycodis, Paeonodes exiguus, Argulus intectus, A. longicaudatus, A. luna- tus, A. rotundus.

New variety: Argulus megalops spinosus.

New name: Argulus diversus.

1 Date of publication.

=I

10.

a

12.

13. 14. 15. 16. G 18.

19.

20-27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

ILLUSTRATIONS

PLATES

Following

p . Sovichthys abuelo, new genus and species ; Pseudopimelodus vil-

losus butcheri, new subspecies ; Pimelodus grosskopfii navarroi, new subspecies; Pimelodella linami, new species___---_-----_

. Pimelodella chagresi odynea, new subspecies ; Megalonema platy-

cephalum psammium, new subspecies; Cetopsorhamdia sher- mani, new species; C. picklei, new species__-_-__-----__-__-

. Cetopsorhamdia orinoco, new species; Perrunichthys perruno,

new genus and species; Platysilurus malarmo, new species_-

. Trachycorystes insignis peloichthys, new subspecies ; Ageneiosus

freiei, new species; Hoplomyzon atrizona petroleus, new sub- species; Dupouyichthys sapito, new genus and species____-_

. Pseudocetopsis plumbeus orinoco, new subspecies; P. p. mota-

tanensis, new subspecies; Pygidium emanueli emanueli, new Species andisubspeciess.2:=- 22 te oe A Ss 1

. Pygidium emanueli motatanensis, new subspecies; P. banneaut

maracaiboensis, new subspecies ; Tridensimilis venezuelae, new genus and species.----- =~ - nnn ee

. Doraops zuloagai, new genus and species; Chaetostoma tachi-

raensis, new species; Astroblepus phelpsi, new species______~-~

. Chaetostoma anomala sovichthys, new subspecies; Pseudanci-

Strus tOTnDeEsensis,.. NeW» SPECICS=2- == See ee eee

. Pseudancistrus pediculatus cobrensis, new subspecies ; Ancistrus

triradiatus martini, new subspecieS._-—_.___-+--_-.-----i-_=- Ancistrus brevifilis bodenhameri, new subspecies; Panaque sut- toni, new species; Hemiancistrus maracaiboensis, new species— Lasiancistrus maracaiboensis, new species; Cochliodon pospisili, NEW SDCCLOS=2 8 See 2 OE ee ee eee ee Loricaria uracantha rupestre, new subspecies; L. variegata wenezielae, new subspecies 24.45 222. = eee a 5 eee Loricaria gymnogaster lagoichthys, new subspecies_—-_-----__ Spatuloricaria phelpsi, new genus and species__---------------- New. Species; of \Cnesiius. 22 ao ee A Se New species of Camptocerus and Hexacolus_______--_--------_ New species of Phloeotribus, Phrixosomda, and Carphobius______ Wings of Clothoda urichi intermedia (Davis) and Pararhaga- dochir trinttatis: (Saussure) = 22-22. e ee eee Wings of Oligembia gigantea, new species, and Schizembia grandis, new genus andi species= += yee ee ee SPeClES TOR FAG: CHU sae a ee ae Ee ee ee ee Species of; Lepcopn theirs se ee ee ee Species of Dysgamus and Lepeophtheirus______--_____-__---__-

Species of Krgyerina, Paeonodes, and Lernaeosolea__-_-__-----_ Species of Lepeophtheirus and Achtheinus_______-___----_--_---

34. Species of Unicalteutha and Ostrincola_______-_______---___- Be

Vv

age

204

204

236

236

252

316

316

316 332 332

504 582 582 582 582 582 582 582 582

vI

23-31.

32-45.

46-51.

52-60.

61-63. 64-66. 67-75.

76-82. 83-88.

89-91. 92-97. 98-101. 102-107. 108-117.

118-120. 121-126. 127-129. 130-188.

139-141. 142-150.

151-156. 157.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM

TEXT FIGURES

. Map of the Maracaibo Basin of Venezuela, showing localities

where catfishes were collected in 1942__._______ =

. Pimelodus clarias coprophagus, new subspecies_____-_-------- . Sketches of the toothed areas in roof of mouth of various species

of South American Pimelodidaes== 2s). a

. Sketches of the underside of head of two Venezuelan Bunocepha-

RGR Sy eat ah EU eet EE Niles = oe a YS es ee eee eo!

. Sketch of air bladder of Doraops zuloagai, new species________ . Clothoda urichi intermedia Davis, C. u. wrichi (Saussure), and

Oaequicercata -(Mnderlein) 2 ee

. Neorhagadochir inflata, new genus and species: Calamoclostes

gurneyi, new species; and Microembia rugosifrons, new genus and. Speciese.« hs 22k Se ee eee ee Pararhagadochir trinitatis subsp. ?, P. t. trinitatis (Saussure), angle: trintiatis subsp* (eee es eee eee wee Pararhagadochir trachelia (Navas), P. birabeni (Navas), and P tenuis (Hnderlein i SS Soe ae ee eee a eee eee, i ee Pararhagadochir confusa, new species, and P. schadei, new Species. ee ee ee ee ee ee Pararhagadochir dawisi, new species, and P. surinamensis, new Species: 22 LAC = eee ae tee Saussurembia symmetrica, new species____-__________--_______ Mesembia aequalis, new species2_-__ a ee Schizembia grandis, new genus and species; S. minuta, new species; and 8. callani, new species_.-__-_-______--_________- Anisembia' venosa (Banks) 222 a ee ee Chelicerca (Protochelicerca) dampfi, new subgenus and species, and C. (Chelicerca) nodulosa, new species________-_-______- Chelicerca (Chelicerca) wheeleri (Melander)_—-_---_--________- Idioembia banksi (Davis) and I. producta, new species_____-__~ Oligembia hubbardi (Hagen) and O. brevicauda Ross__----_--__ Oligembia buscki, new species, and O. peruviana, new species__ Oligembia bicolor, new species; O. darlingtoni, new species; and OF wnicolor; newiSpecics === ae ae ee ee eee Oligembtia melanura; new species. eee aa eee Oligembia armata, new specicse a eee eee Oligembia lobata, new speciese es 2 rh sae ee eee Oligembia emarginata, new species ; O. chiapae, new species; and O. jalapaee, new species. - 24s Si tee ee) ae eae Ougembiatexcisa, New Species: see ee eee Oligembia plaumanni, new species; O. gigantea, new species; and. 0. nigrina, new species. 21 Suma ee ee Oligembia vandykei, new species, and O. caribbeana, new species— New species of Xiphidiopsis Redtenbacher___~-----__-------___

VOL, 94

432 436 435

442 447

450 453 456 463 464

466 471 ATS 478

480 483

486 490 517

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PROCEEDINGS OF THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION U. S. NATIONAL MUSEUM

Vol. 94 Washington: 1944 No. 3171

CATALOG OF HUMAN CRANIA IN THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM COLLECTIONS: NON-ESKIMO PEOPLE OF THE NORTHWEST COAST, ALASKA, AND SIBERIA

By Aves HrpiiéKa*

INTRODUCTION

THE present catalog of crania is the seventh and concluding part of a work describing the large and valuable collections of human skulls in the United States National Museum. Its object, as that of all the previous parts, is to furnish American and other students of man with reliable, detailed measurements, made by the same experienced observer, using tested methods and standard instruments, as the basis of future studies and the solution of anthropological problems.

The data given herein are supplemented by those obtained by me in various Russian institutions, principally the anthropological museums at Leningrad and Moscow and the City Museum at Irkutsk. They extend to the Indian and other non-Eskimo populations of the North- west Coast of North America, Alaska (including Kodiak Island and the Aleutian Islands), and Siberia.

The extension of the catalog to the Siberian materials grew gradually in urgency, for as the work progressed evidence pointed more and more to northern Asia as the source of the original American Indian population. Since it was of prime importance that the data be col- lected and collated by the same observer and by the same methods as those for the North American skulls, I made a trip to the Soviet Union, including Siberia, in 1939. All possible facilities and aid were accorded

*Dr. Hrdlitka died on September 5, 1943, a few days after galley proofs of this paper were received from the printer.—EDITOR.

533194441 1

¢

2 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM VOL. 94

me by the Russian scientists, and as a result I was able to examine a considerable number of Siberian crania from all periods of occupation. In view of the importance of some of this material, particularly that from the neolithic and more modern periods, the gist of the observa- tions, with some details, was published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (vol. 29, pp. 435-481, 1942); but the detailed measurements of all except the prehistoric specimens were reserved for the present publication. Meanwhile there was published also the final catalog of the Eskimo crania (Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 91, pp. 169-429, 1942).

It was once hoped that this series of catalogs might be extended also to cranial materials from Mexico, Central America, the Antilles, and South America, but except for Peru the collections from these regions are still scarce, much of these vast territories being entirely unrepre- sented. For the present, therefore, nothing systematic covering these areas is feasible.

It may be useful to show the field covered by the six previous catalogs. These were as follows:

1. The Eskimo, Alaska and Related Indians, Northeastern Asiatics: Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 63, art. 12, 51 pp., 1924. (Long out of print and wholly replaced by the 1942 catalog on the Eskimo in general and by the present number.)

2. The Algonkin and Related Iroquois, Siouan, Caddoan, Salish and Sahaptin, Shoshonean, and Californian Indians: Jbid., vol. 69, art. 5, 127 pp., 1927.

3. Australians, Tasmanians, South African Bushmen, Hottentots, and Negro: Jbid., vol. 71, art. 24, 140 pp., 1928.

4. Pueblos, Southeastern Utah Basket-makers, Navaho: Ibid., vol. 78, art. 2, 95 pp., 1931.

5. Indians of the Gulf States: Jbid., vol. 87, pp. 315-464, 1940.

6. Eskimo in General: Jbid., vol. 91, pp. 169-429, 1942.

Meanwhile, since 1926, important collections were gathered in Alaska and the neighboring parts of the Northwest Coast on the Indian and other non-Eskimo groups of the region. These included materials from two hitherto unknown large groups, the Pre-Koniag of Kodiak Island and the Pre-Aleuts of the Aleutian Archipelago. The detailed measurements of the crania of all these are given in the present catalog. This includes, therefore, data on the crania from the following localities:

1. The Northwest Coast. 7. Kodiak Island (Koniag).

2. Southeastern Alaska. 8. Kodiak Island (Pre-Koniag). 3. Southwestern Alaska. 9. Aleutian Islands (Aleut).

4. The Yukon. 10. Aleutian Islands (Pre-Aleut). 5. Shageluk Slough. 11. Siberia.

6. The Alaska Peninsula.

e

CATALOG OF HUMAN CRANIA—HRDLICKA 3

The methods of measurement were outlined in the 1942 catalog on the Eskimo in general, and comparisons as well as other details are given in the same catalog and also in two papers now in press.! The present data will require, therefore, but little discussion. This will be found at the conclusion of this paper.

1 “Anthropology of Kodiak Island” and ‘‘Anthropology of the Aleutian and Commander Islands,” Wistar Institute, Philadelphia.

VOL, 94

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM

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VOL. 94

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM

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